The City Council is the legislative body of New York City. There are 51 elected members, one from each council district. In addition to enacting legislation, the Council approves the. In addition to enacting laws, the Council approves the City's budget and has powers to oversee the activities of municipal agencies.
The Council oversees the functioning and performance of municipal agencies, makes decisions on land use and is solely responsible for approving the city's budget. It also legislates on a wide range of other issues. The Council collaborates on an equal footing with the Mayor in New York City government. The president of the City Council is Adrienne Adams.
See a list of all City Council members here. The government of New York City, with headquarters in New York City Hall, in Lower Manhattan, is organized according to the New York City Statutes and provides for a system of mayors and councils. The mayor is elected for a four-year term and is responsible for the administration of the city government. The New York City Council is a unicameral body consisting of 51 members, each elected from a geographical district, normally for four-year terms.
All elected officials are subject to a limit of two consecutive terms. The judicial system consists of two municipal courts and three state courts. Audit and control Maintains state accounts; pays state payrolls and bills; invests state funds; audits state agencies and local governments; and manages the retirement system for state employees. Local governments have the power to adopt local laws that are not incompatible with the provisions of the State Constitution or other general laws.
The Legislature, in turn, cannot pass any law that affects only one locality, unless the governing body of that locality has first approved the bill, called the request for autonomy, or unless there is a state interest. The Legislature is the legislative branch of state government. It is a bicameral, or bicameral, body composed of the Senate and the Assembly. The Constitution authorizes a Senate of varying numbers, currently 63 members, and an Assembly of 150 members, who are elected from districts across the state for two-year terms.
Each member of the Legislature must be a citizen of the United States, have resided in the State for five years and, in most cases, in the Senate or Assembly district for one year before the election. Local courts include county courts, family and substitute courts, and the New York City court system. The MTA also operates the Staten Island Railroad in New York City, as well as the Long Island Rail Road and the Metro-North Railroad, which are commuter lines that have terminals in the city, but that run mainly in the suburban counties of New York State and Connecticut. The executive branch of the New York State government consists of up to 20 departments, as a result of the constitutional reforms of the 1920s that were designed to make state government more manageable.
New York is made up of five boroughs (Brooklyn, the Bronx, Manhattan, Queens and Staten Island), is home to 8.4 million people who speak more than 200 languages, come from every corner of the world and, together, are the heart and soul of the most dynamic city in the world. Along with the Mayor, the Public Defender and the Comptroller are the only three directly elected city officials in New York City. New York State politics has generally been defined by the Democratic Party's strong control in New York City and the dominance of the Republican Party in the upstate and on Long Island. Bronx County and New York County are in the Southern District, while Kings, Queens and Richmond Counties are in the Eastern District, although both districts have concurrent jurisdiction over waters in their respective districts.
New Yorkers elect the mayor, county presidents, city councilmembers, public defender and comptroller. New York's system of state and local government imposes large responsibilities on local governments, and more than half of the state budget consists of aid to local government. Both Democrats and Republicans have strong party organizations across the state, but New York is one of the few states where third and fourth parties have thrived and have often played an important role in the elections. The New York City Economic Development Corporation (NYCEDC) is the city's economic development corporation.
NYC Health+ Hospitals (New York City Health and Hospital Corporation, or HHC) operates public hospitals and clinics. The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) manages public transportation in the city, through its branch, the New York City Transit Authority. In New York City, the mayor, the president of the city council, the comptroller and the five county presidents are part of this body. There are four courts of lower jurisdiction outside the district, city, town and village courts of New York City that deal with minor civil and criminal matters.
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